Centre for Development of Advanced Computing source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centre_for_Development_of_Advanced_Computing
|Established||1988; 31 years ago|
Field of research
|High Performance Computing, Multi-lingual Computing and Heritage Computing, Professional Electronics, Software Technologies, Health Informatics, Education|
|Address||Pune University Campus,|
Pune - 411 007,
|Location||Pune, India (headquarters)|
|Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India|
The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is an Autonomous Scientific Society of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), of the Government of India. The National Centre for Software Technology (NCST), ER&DCI and CEDTI were merged into C-DAC in 2003.
After being denied a Cray supercomputer by the United States in 1987, due to military use concerns, India started a programme to develop an indigenous supercomputer in collaboration with Russia.[dead link] Supercomputers were considered a double-edged weapon capable of assisting in the development of nuclear weapons. For the purpose of achieving self-sufficiency in the field, C-DAC was established by the Department of Electronics in 1988. Dr Vijay Bhatkar was hired as the Director of C-DAC. The project was given an initial run of 3 years and an initial funding of ₹30,00,00,000 as the same amount of money and time was usually expended to secure the purchase of a supercomputer from the US. In 1990, a prototype was produced and was benchmarked at the 1990 Zurich Supercomputering Show (CONPAR 1990?). It surpassed most other systems, placing second after US.
Originally established to research and assemble High Performance Computers, the research of C-DAC now includes:
- High Performance Computing
- Grid Computing
- Cloud Computing
- Multilingual Computing
- Heritage Computing
- Embedded Systems
- Speech and Natural Language Processing
- Information and Cyber Security
- Ubiquitous Computing
- Digital forensics
- Big data analytics
- Health Informatics
C-DAC branches and training centers include:
- C-DAC Pune (Headquarters)
- C-DAC Bangalore
- C-DAC Chennai
- C-DAC Delhi
- C-DAC Kolkata
- C-DAC Mohali
- C-DAC Noida
- C-DAC Hyderabad
- C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram
- C-DAC Silchar
- C-DAC Mumbai
Education and training
C-DAC provides several courses in the field of advanced computing and software development. Among these are the HPC certification course- C-DAC Certified HPC Professional Certification Programme (CCHPCP). C-DAC organises advanced computing diploma programs through the Advanced Computing Training School (ACTS) located all over India. The PG Diploma courses include specialisations in Embedded System Design, VLSI, Big Data Analytics, Geoinformatics, Artificial Intelligence etc. Admissions to all PG Diploma courses of C-DAC are done through C-DAC's Computerised Common Admission Test (C-CAT). Every year, C-CAT is usually conducted in June (for August admissions) and December (for February admissions). C-DAC has also worked in the establishment of a number of Centres of Excellence in Information Technology (CEIT) abroad under Ministry of External Affairs' s development partnership projects. 
Products and developments
- PARAM series of supercomputers
- Anvaya Workflows, a workflow environment for automated genome analysis.
- Namescape, the search engine for the Aadhaar unique-ID project.
- GARUDA, India's National Grid Computing Initiative
- Bharat Operating System Solutions, a Linux-based general purpose operating system
- TaxoGrid, a grid-based molecular phylogenetics and drug discovery system
- GIST, Graphics and Intelligence based Script Technology
- DARPAN, a real time network monitoring, visualization and Service Level Agreement monitoring tool developed by C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram.
- Punarjjani, a web based integrated assessment tool for mentally challenged children developed by C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram.
- Shrutlekhan-Rajbhasha, a Hindi language speech recognition software application developed by C-DAC in collaboration with IBM
Notable researchers and alumnus
- Vijay P. Bhatkar, founding director, recipient of Padma Bhushan award
- Rajkumar Buyya, professor at Melbourne University, formerly worked as a Senior Scientist at C-DAC Bangalore
- Srinivasan Ramani, contributed in bringing the internet to India in 1987 through the academic network ERNET, served as an adviser on UN ICT Task Force, and was the first director of HP Labs, India
- Sudhir P. Mudur, former director of C-DAC, current head of Computer Science Department, Concordia University.
- T M Vijayaraman, head of Persistent Systems's research, formerly worked at C-DAC Mumbai.[dead link]
Notable awards and accolades
- Manthan Award 2013 for Mobile Tele-Ophthalmology Units, e-safeT, ONAMA.
- Manthan Award 2012 for Interactive Museum, Megh Sushrut, National e-Governance Service Delivery Gateway.
- National Award for the Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, 2012
- See more at CDAC website
- "C-DAC Memorandum of Association". cdac.in/index.aspx?id=pdf_moa_16. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Merger of IT R&D bodies: a sign of the times". Express Computer. 19 May 2003. Archived from the original on 12 August 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "New domain name registration policy soon". The Economic Times. 26 October 2004. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "India orders review of US supercomputer deal". Indian Express. Press Trust of India. 25 March 2000.
India started supercomputer development in the early eighties after it was denied the technology by the US.
- Beary, Habib (1 April 2003). "India unveils huge supercomputer". BBC News.
India began developing supercomputers in the late 1980s after being refused one by the US.
- Nolan, Janne E. (1994). Global engagement: cooperation and security in the 21st century. p. 532. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "God, Man And Machine". Outlook India. 16 May 2009. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
"Three years, because that was about the time it took to import a supercomputer then, and Rs 34 crore because it was the prevailing prices of the machine," explains Bhatkar
- Rajaraman, V. (1999). Super Computers (1st ed.). Universities Press. p. 75. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- Unless otherwise indicated, sourced from C-DAC: Contact (cdac.in)
- "C-DAC Delhi". Cdac.in. 16 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram". Cdactvm.in. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "C-DAC launches country's first HPC certification in high performance computing". The Times of India. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
The certification will be called the 'C-DAC Certified HPC Professional Certification Programme' (CCHPCP) and the exam will be conducted online every quarterly, on the lines of software programming certifications. There won't be any eligibility requirements to appear for the certification, and the paper will contain objective questions.
- "CDAC ACTS homepage". Acts.cdac.in. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Centre of Excellence in Information Technology (CEIT) | Namibia University of Science and Technology". www.nust.na. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
- "C-DAC launches computing tools". Sakal Times. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Two new software tools from C-DAC". The Times of India. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
Namescape is a search engine used on a pilot-basis in the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) project of the Union government.
- "Garuda, the nationwide computer grid, takes wing". Livemint. 18 December 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "GARUDA". CTWatch. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Darpan". CDAC. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "Punarjjani". CDAC. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "List of Padma Shri award recipients". Government of India. Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Home Page of Professor Dr. Rajkumar Buyya". Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- "Srinivasan Ramani: Innovating for India". HP Labs. February 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
He played a pioneering role in bringing the first Internet connection to India in the 1980s
- "HP Labs India: Past Directors". Archived from the original on 14 October 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Faculty: Mudur, Sudhir P." Concordia University. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "About: Management Team". Persistent Systems. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Mobile Tele-Ophthalmology Units". Manthan Awards 2013
- "e-SafeT".- Manthan Awards 2013
- "ONAMA". - Manthan Awards 2013
- "Interactive Museum : e-Culture and Heritage". Manthan Awards 2012
- "Megh Sushrut : e-Health".- Manthan Awards 2013
- "National e-Governance Service Delivery Gateway : e-Infrastructure". - Manthan Awards 2012